Deep down we descend in the caves of Orvieto. Getting deeper and deeper until we reach our destination. I was just in on Trip to Italy and one of the places I went to was Orvieto, a small town on a rock cliff. It was on a cliff so the city was hard to attack in medieval times.
Another protection of the city of Orvieto is the caves. Almost every house had a small cave with a well under the house. The wells were sometimes 300 meters deep. They had the caves for protection if the city was attacked. The families would go down to cave where they would stay as long as they needed to. The well was a source of water for the families if they were stuck down in the caves. They would sometimes be down there for two years.
There were really big caves used to make stuff including olive oil. Trails leading off from the main cave would leave to pigeon houses. They were full with 100 hundreds of holes were the pigeons stayed. The pigeons were used to send messages and the people ate them for food.
The caves were also used for a hideout in world war 2 when they bombers were flying above the town. All the citizens would go down in the caves two hide. A room was used for the injured. The city was never bombed though because there was no reason to bomb it. The railroad at the bottom of the mountain was bombed because they stopped transportation. I was on the same track that they bombed.
Have you ever been to Orvieto are anywhere in Italy?